What A Htaccess File Is And How To Make One

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A .htaccess file is a simple ASCII file similar to that created through text editor such as Notepad or Simple Text. Most people are confused with the naming convention for the file. The term .htaccess is not a file .htaccess or somepage.htaccess because it is the file extension simply named as such. Its widely known […]


Ccna Ccnp Home Lab Tutorial The Vlan Dat File

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CCNA and CCNP candidates who have their own Cisco home labs often email me about an odd situation that occurs when they erase a switch’s configuration. Their startup configuration is gone, as they expect, but the VLAN and VTP information is still there! Sounds strange, doesn’t it? Let’s look at an example. On SW1, we […]


Cisco Ccna Exam Tutorial Password Recovery Procedures

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It might happen on your CCNA exam, it might happen on your production network – but sooner or later, you’re going to have to perform password recovery on a Cisco router or switch. This involves manipulating the router’s configuration register, and that is enough to make some CCNA candidates and network administrators really nervous! It’s […]


Cisco Ccna Certification The Importance Of Hands On Practice

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CCNA and CCNP candidates hear it all the time: “you have to get some hands-on experience to pass the exams”. Candidates tend to think that’s just so they can solve the simulator problems, but that’s only the more obvious reason. First, I want to make it clear that I’m not bashing learning from books you […]


Cisco Ccna Certification Exam Tutorial Ospf Hub And Spoke

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CCNA certification demands that you master the basics of OSPF, and for many studying for the CCNA exam, their first exposure to OSPF is a hub-and-spoke configuration. That’s a tough way to get started, because a hub-and-spoke configuration built over an NBMA technology such as Frame Relay requires quite a bit of attention to detail. […]


Passing The Cisco Ccna Exam An Illustrated Guide To Router Modes

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When you’re getting started on your CCNA studies, learning the different router modes is key to passing your Intro and ICND exams. But keeping those modes straight can be very difficult. (At least it was for me!) Let’s take a look at the various router modes you’ll need to know about to pass your CCNA, […]